Whirlwind storms with a reply to the objections and strictures of Dr. Hare [ wrapper title ]. W. C. Redfield, William C.
Whirlwind storms with a reply to the objections and strictures of Dr. Hare [ wrapper title ]

Whirlwind storms with a reply to the objections and strictures of Dr. Hare [ wrapper title ]

[ no place ]: [ no publisher ] [ after Jan 13, 1842 ]. 5, [3] pages + 12, [3] pages + 20 pages. Three papers in publisher's original blue printed wrappers. INSCRIBED on front wrapper: "Abraham Jenkins Jr. Esq. with the Respects of W. C. Redfield." Two minor inked manuscript corrections and several marginal penciled notes in an unknown hand. Chipping/some separation to the wrappers at the spine panel. Dampstaining/foxing, thumbed with associated wrapper staining.

The papers are:
1) "Observations on the Storm of Dec 15, 1839" Originally printed in the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society as read before the Society Jan 15, 1841 (with pagination of 77-82). Here with (offprint?) pagination 5, [3] pages.
2) "Remarks on the Tornado which visited New-Brunswick in the State of New-Jersey, June 19, 1835 : with a plan and schedule of the prostrations observed on a section of its track." "From the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine. Revised by the author." Also printed in American repertory of arts, sciences, and manufactures v. 3, no. 2, pages 81-90, 1841. Priority unknown to us. Here with (offprint?) pagination 12, [3] pages.
3) "Reply to Dr. Hare’s Objections to the Whirlwind Theory of Storms" Originally printed in the American Journal of Science and Arts, vol. 42, no. 2., 1842. Here with (offprint?) pagination 20 pages. Good. Wraps. [27460]


This pamphlet gathers three Redfield papers published together with a new printed wrapper. No publisher noted, but presumably privately printed by Redfield for distribution in support of his theories. No date specified but probably late 1842 - early 1843 [One inked correction notes Piddington having three (not two) serial articles which had become four serial articles by end of 1842]. Uncommon inscribed.

Fleming's "Meteorology in American, 1800-1870" devotes Chapter 2 to the "American Storm Controversy, 1834-1843." It largely reports on three men - William C. Redfield, James Pollard Espy, and Robert Hare. Redfield, a transportation engineer, "studied storms as an avocation...focused on the whirlwind storms of the Atlantic Ocean...[and who] established a personal data gathering system and corresponded extensively with other scientists..." Mostly his theories espoused gravitational forces as the reasons for storms. Espy "emphasized thermally induced vertical convection and the 'steam power' of the cooling and condensing of moist air." Hare's "electrical theory of storms postulated that the atmosphere behaved like a charged Leyden jar..." with two electrical oceans of opposite charge - "celestial and terrestrial.". "The American storm controversy set the tone and content of the meteorological agenda for decades to come. The argument over the primum mobile of storms, gravity, caloric, or electricity was not resolved...America was center stage, at least in this particular geophysical science." Interested parties are well advised to read this chapter for more background information.

Mr. Redfield was a meteorologist, and also did work as a geologist and naturalist while shepherding various business interests. "His first paper on the "Atlantic Storms" was published in 1831 in the "American Journal of Science," and in 1834 it was followed by his memoir on the" Hurricanes and Storms of the United States and West Indies," which subject he continued later, with numerous papers, descriptions, and tables of particular hurricanes." (Appletons Encyclopedia)

Dr. Hare M.D was a chemist and physician who was particularly interested in electro-galvanism. He in 1801 discovered a oxygen/hydrogen blowpipe, and later Hare's colorimeter in addition to other instruments. In an obituary pamphlet from the Philadelphia Ledger (May 17, 1858), "Dr. Hare contributed papers on various subjects to the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. One was on the Tornado, or Water Spout, with a detailed description of the remarkable storm at New Brunswick, a few years ago. He considered the atmopsherical disturbances, in these cases, to be oweing to an electrified current of air. His views were at variance with those of Colonel Redfield, of New York, with whom he more than once debated the subject."

Price: $450.00

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