Cambridge: Cambridge at the University Press 1904. First Edition. viii, , 399 pages. 8vo. Publisher's original green cloth gilt. Half title with inked "Wm. Hoskins Library." "J. A. Schuldiner" and "C(Ph) 418" inked on title page. Otherwise bright and clean internally, a very nice copy. Near Fine. Cloth. 
"After the discovery of thorium emanations in 1900 new concepts of atomic structure followed from the brilliant experiments of Rutherford. A new theory of atomic disintegration was proposed, then the nuclear nature of the atom. He discovered and named alpha, beta, and gamma rays emitted from radioactive elements and predicted that disintegrations of some radioactive elements would generate helium. He also produced in the laboratory the first artificial transmutation of one element into another." (Dibner, Heralds of Science #51)
"The first textbook on radioactivity, surveying contemporary knowledge of the entire field. Research progressed so rapidly in this area that the second edition, published only a year later, had to be enlarged by fifty percent. The book includes a discussion of Rutherford's revolutionary transformation theory, developed during the period 1902-1903, which states that radioactivity is a by-product of the transmutation of one element into another." (Norman 1870)
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 was awarded to Ernest Rutherford "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances."
Grolier/Horblit, 100 Books Famous in Science #91